Industry Adoption for DDI

Daylight Driver Index™

Vigillo has delivered an array of innovative solutions to help the industry deal with safety and CSA. Now, Daylight Driver Index™ (DDI) is the next needed innovation – a single comprehensive CSA score for drivers.

WHAT Is Daylight Driver Index?

Vigillo’s proprietary Daylight Driver Index (DDI) provides a single number (0-100) that describes an individual driver’s FMCSA record using CSA data – similar to how a credit score is a single number that describes a person’s creditworthiness.  In a world of limited time and resources, DDI allows carriers to appropriately prioritize drivers for review, based on the key factors defined by the FMCSA.  The higher the DDI, the higher the review priority.

WHY Daylight Driver Index?

Under the FMCSA’s new CSA (Compliance, Safety, and Accountability) program, motor carriers are under the microscope with customers, shippers, brokers, insurers, and others.  Carrier CSA scores are essentially the rolled-up  aggregation of individual drivers’ roadside performance.  Unfortunately, it is extremely difficult to score and rank drivers under CSA. The FMCSA already provides a single score that prioritizes motor carriers for review – the ISS score.  Vigillo’s Daylight Driver Index™ is much like an ISS score for individual drivers – allowing carriers to view and prioritize their own drivers for review much as the FMCSA would.  Individual driver scoring is a topic of growing importance in the industry:

1) From the FMCSA & the Government Accountability Office:

The Driver Safety Measurement System (DSMS) is the other major component of the SMS, along with the CSMS. Law enforcement officials use the DSMS results to examine the safety performance of individual CMV drivers when conducting CSA investigations. Currently, the DSMS results are being used strictly as an investigative tool for law enforcement and are not available to carriers, drivers, or the public.
(Source: CSA Safety Measurement System (SMS) Methodology version 2.2, published January, 2012)

FMCSA has taken initial steps to separately measure drivers’ fitness to operate trucks and buses by seeking new legislative authority to prohibit unsafe drivers from operating in interstate commerce. However, FMCSA has not specified time frames for developing this measurement, how it will ultimately be used, or whether delaying the implementation will affect safety.  Recommendations for Executive Action: The Secretary of Transportation should direct the FMCSA Administrator to develop a plan for implementing driver fitness ratings that prioritizes steps that need to be completed and includes a reasonable timeframe for completing them. The plan should also address the safety implications of delayed implementation of driver fitness ratings.

(Source: US Government Accountability Office, GAO-11-858, Sep 29, 2011)

2) ATA’s top concerns with FMCSA’s Compliance, Safety, Accountability Program, March 2012:

CSA measures motor carriers and drivers in a comparative environment by scoring performance relative to others. Though motor carriers can obtain a driver applicant’s history of roadside inspections and corresponding violations (through the Pre- Employment Screening Program) they cannot obtain the scores showing how that history compares to the balance of the driver population – even though such scores exist. Hence, motor carriers are left to guess whether the driver’s performance is relatively good, average, or poor.

In contrast, the public (shippers, insurers, others) have access to carriers’ scores of relative performance in most BASICs. By providing public access to DSMS scores in BASICs that have a positive relationship to crash risk, FMCSA would similarly help leverage motor carriers and others to hold drivers accountable. Of course, “accountability” is one of the key three tenets of the CSA program (Compliance, Safety, and Accountability). Failing to make these scores public substantially hinders driver accountability and erodes the effectiveness of the program.
Recommendation: FMCSA should make DSMS scores available to hiring carriers in order to help “raise the bar” and make it more difficult for unsafe drivers to operate.

3) Carriers have long been seeking a single driver score:

Vigillo’s customer base of nearly 2,000 motor carriers has consistently requested single easy-to-understand driver scores. Industry calls for transparency for indiviudal driver scores are also well documented.  The data deluge of CSA has exacerbated the information overload tranpsortation safety professionals experience every day.  Carriers, drivers, and third parties reasonably demand that they there be a single objective consistent way to prioritize driver for safety reviews.

HOW does Daylight Driver Index™ work?

Vigillo has responded to strong calls within the industry for a single driver score by extensively researching, testing, and implementing a new proprietary methodology that allows Vigillo to compute a single Daylight Driver Index™ score for each driver – reflecting the FMCSA’s safety performance priorities. With nearly three quarters of a million drivers in its customer database, Vigillo is uniquely qualified to provide a single score for drivers.   DDI is designed to provide a comprehensive holistic overview of a driver through a CSA framework.  Carriers, drivers, and others all want one simple, easy-to-understand score that indicates a driver’s overall level of safety performance under CSA. The problem is this single score did not exist…until now.  DDI was designed with these key elements in mind:

  • Based on published FMCSA methodologies including CSMS, DSMS, and ISS
  • Identifies drivers for priority review based on similar factors as carriers ranked for review and inspection
  • Uses appropriately normalized data for comparison of individual drivers
  • Elevates FMCSA-defined “egregious” red flag violations as a high visibility item
  • Highlights drivers with Shadow Violations™ where a driver has insufficient data in a BASIC but has violations
  • Scores drivers on an easy-to-understand 0-100 scale (or NO DATA) that works across carriers for all drivers
  • Provides consistent scoring across drivers nationally

Much as the FMCSA evaluates motor carriers for review, DDI considers a broad array of safety performance factors for each individual driver including:

Crashes
Inspections
Violations
Out-of-service status
Red flag violations
CSA driver BASIC scores
CSA severity-weighting
CSA time-weighting
Driver-responsible data

Driver DDI™ scores are included as part of Vigillo’s CSA Scorecards and are calculated and updated automatically.